Contributing to MAME

So you want to contribute to MAME but aren’t sure where to start? Well the great news is that there’s always plenty to do for people with a variety of skill sets.

Testing and reporting bugs

One thing MAME can always do with is more testing and bug reports. If you’re familiar with a system that MAME emulates and notice something wrong, or if you find a bug in MAME’s user interface, you can head over to MAME Testers and, assuming it isn’t already reported, register an account and open an issue. Be sure to read the FAQ and rules first to ensure you start out on the right foot. Please note that MAME Testers only accepts user-facing bugs in tagged release versions.

For other kinds of issues, we have GitHub Issues. There’s a bit more leeway here. For example we accept developer-facing issues (e.g. bugs in internal APIs, or build system inadequacies), feature requests, and major regressions before they make it into a released version. Please respect the fact that the issue tracker is not a discussion or support forum, it’s only for reporting reproducible issues. Don’t open issues to ask questions or request support. Also, keep in mind that the master branch is unstable. If the current revision doesn’t compile at all or is completely broken, we’re probably already aware of it and don’t need issues opened for that. Wait a while and see if there’s an update. You might want to comment on the commit in question with the compiler error message, particularly if you’re compiling in an unorthodox but supported configuration.

When opening an issue, remember to provide as much information as possible to help others understand, reproduce, and diagnose the issue. Things that are helpful to include:

  • The incorrect behaviour, and expected or correct behaviour. Be specific: just saying it “doesn’t work” usually isn’t enough detail.

  • Environment details, including your operating system, CPU architecture, system locale, and display language, if applicable. For video output bugs, note your video hardware (GPU), driver version, and the MAME video output module you’re using. For input handling bugs, include the input peripherals and MAME input modules you’re using.

  • The exact version of MAME you’re using, including a git commit digest if it isn’t a tagged release version, and any non-standard build options.

  • The exact system and software being emulated (may not be applicable for issues with parts of MAME’s UI, like the system selection menu). Include things like the selected BIOS version, and emulated peripheral (slot device) configuration.

  • Steps to reproduce the issue. Assume the person reading is familiar with MAME itself, but not necessarily familiar with the emulated system and software in question. For emulation issues, input recordings and/or saved state files for reproducing the issue can be invaluable.

  • An original reference for the correct behaviour. If you have access to the original hardware for the emulated system, it helps to make a recording of the correct behaviour for comparison.

Contributing to MAME’s source code

MAME itself is written in C++, but that isn’t the sum total of the source code. The source code also includes:

  • The documentation hosted on this site (and also included in releases as a PDF), written in reStructuredText markup.

  • The supplied plugins, written in Lua 5.3.

  • Internal layouts for emulated machines that need to display more than a simple video screen. These are an XML application described here.

  • The software lists, describing known software media for systems that MAME emulates. MAME software lists are an XML application.

  • The user interface translations, in GNU gettext PO format. They can be edited with a good text editor, or a dedicated tool like Poedit.

Our primary source code repository is hosted on GitHub. We prefer to receive source code contributions in the form of pull requests. You’ll need to learn the basics of git distributed version control and familiarise yourself with the git tools. The basic process for creating a pull request is as follows:

  • Sign up for an account on GitHub.

  • Create a fork of the mamedev/mame repository.

  • Create a new branch off the master branch in your forked repository.

  • Clone your forked repository, and check out your new branch.

  • Make your changes, and build and test them locally.

  • Commit your changes, and push your branch to GitHub.

  • Optionally enable GitHub Actions for your forked repository, allowing your changes to be built on Windows, macOS and Linux.

  • Open a pull request to merge your changes into the master branch in the mamedev/mame repository.

Please keep the following in mind (note that not all points are relevant to all kinds of changes):

  • Make your commit messages descriptive. Please include what the change affects, and what it’s supposed to achieve. A person reading the commit log shouldn’t need to resort to examining the diff to get a basic idea of what a commit is supposed to do. The default commit messages provided by GitHub are completely useless, as they don’t give any indication of what a change is supposed to do.

  • Test your changes. Ensure that a full build of MAME completes, and that the code you changed works. It’s a good idea to build with DEBUG=1 to check that assertions compile and don’t trigger.

  • Use an enlightening pull request title and description. The title should give a one-line summary of what the overall change affects and what it’s supposed to do. The description should contain more detail. Don’t leave the description empty and describe the change in comments, as this makes searching and filtering more difficult.

  • Be aware that GitHub Actions has opaque resource limits. It isn’t clear when you’re close to the limits, and we’ve had contributors banned from GitHub Actions for violating the limits. Even if you appeal the ban, they still won’t tell you what the actual limits are, justifying this by saying that if you know the limits, you can take steps to evade them. If you enable GitHub Actions, consider not pushing individual commits if you don’t need them to be automatically built, or cancelling workflow runs when you don’t need the results.

We have guidelines for specific parts of the source: